What is the difference between an English and a Neapolitan mastiff?
The Neapolitan Mastiff and the "English" Mastiff (also known as the "Old English Mastiff" or just "Mastiff") descend from mastiff-type dogs depicted in art dating roughly 5,000 years ago. Over time these enormous breeds developed into how we know them today: loyal protectors and loving companions with their own unique qualities.
Countries of Origin
While the English Mastiff comes from England, the United States Neapolitan Mastiff Club says the Neapolitan Mastiff is the creation of breeders in the Neapolitan region of southern Italy.
The Neapolitan Mastiff’s loose skin, many head wrinkles and huge dewlap (the skin that hangs from the neck) are hallmarks of the breed, according to Neapolitan Mastiff standard. The Mastiff Club of America says English Mastiffs are not to be as wrinkled as Neapolitan Mastiffs.
Neapolitan Mastiffs range from 24 to 31 inches at the shoulder, and weigh an average of 110 to 150 pounds, states the Neapolitan Mastiff standard. MCOA says most English Mastiffs are 27½ to 36 inches tall, and weigh 120 to 230 pounds.
The Neapolitan Mastiff standard states that the ears of the breed are usually cropped into triangles. English Mastiff ears are not cropped.
The English Mastiff standard accepts fawn, apricot or brindle (striped) coloring with dark facial "masks" and ears. Neapolitan Mastiffs may be solid gray (called "blue"), black, mahogany or tawny; the standard allows for some brindling.
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